|Louis the Sun King. From Impressive Magazine.|
I think I mentioned that I watched sesaon 1 of Versailles, a French-produced show (though everything’s in English and most of the actors are British), not too long ago. My best friend then watched it and wanted to know if “all those people really died or not.”
So here’s a quick run-down of Louis XIV and some of the drama on Versailles. Spoilers below!!
However, there’s plenty on the show that is real.
|Louis XIV in 1661|
Louis XIV, the Sun King, was born in 1638. He became king in 1643 when his father Louis XIII died. Since little Louis was only four, his mother Anne of Austria ruled in his place as regent and relied on men such as Cardinal Mazarin and Cardinal Richelieu to rule.
During the late 1640s into the 1650s, France had a series of wars called the Fronde. Boiled down to basics, the Fronde was a rebellion of French nobles who didn’t want to lose their feudal powers over their territories and spheres of influence. They didn’t want to give up power to the king, they didn’t want to pay higher taxes in order to pay for the recently-ended Thirty Years’ War, and Mazarin arrested their leaders, which caused Paris to burst into a barricade-building riot.
|No, not that barricade|
At one point, a Parisian mob broke into the palace and demanded to see the king. Keep in mind that Louis is a small kid at this point. The Fronde made Louis hate Paris and made him deeply distrustful of his nobles, which is why Louis a) so believed in absolute rule and the divine right of kings and b) why he decided to primarily live in the Chateau de Versailles, which was his father’s hunting lodge, twelve miles away from Paris.
Where the Show Begins
By 1667, when episode 1 of Versailles begins, Louis XIV has been king for as long as he can remember, he’s married to Maria Theresa of Spain (his cousin), his mother’s dead, and he has at least one mistress Louise de la Valliere. Louis decides to expand the hunting lodge into a grand palace where his courtiers will have enough space to spend a significant amount of time as well.
|George Blagden as Louis XIV. London Evening Standard.|
His brother Philippe is skeptical. Philippe, duc d’Orleans, is Louis’s younger brother. He’s married to Henriette Marie of England, his first cousin, daughter of the beheaded Charles I of England. Henriette grew up in France and was practically raised with Louis and Philippe.
In the show, Louis and Henriette have a pretty intense affair going on, with full knowledge of the queen and Philippe. In real life, they (probably) weren’t having a physical relationship, but they were very close.
And yes, Philippe liked to dress in women’s clothes, he so wanted military glory (and achieved it) and he was openly homosexual–his relationship with the Chevalier is entirely real.
Henriette and Philippe had several children (two of them lived to adulthood), though neither of them were faithful. In 1670, Louis sent Henriette to England, where her brother Charles II was now king again after the restoration of the monarchy, to negotiate a treaty between England and France. Henriette returned to France in June 1670, having negotiated pretty successfully for France, but she soon complained of severe stomach pains and felt very ill.
She drank a glass of chicory water and immediately after felt a pain in her side, saying that she thought she’d been poisoned. She died on June 30, 1670, after lots of pain, at age 26–though she didn’t die in the king’s bed in Versailles, but at her and Philippe’s home Saint-Cloud. However, the royal family was present when she died.
For more on Versailles and some of the weird and juicy stories that inspired the series, you can read the following: